- Biquad Antenna Design
- Hacer Antenna Wifi Biquad Antenna
- Double Biquad Wifi Antenna
- Hacer Antenna Wifi Biquad Antenna For Sale
This example shows how to analyze the performance of a customized Yagi-Uda antenna. Biquad Yagi antenna is popularly used in WIFI applications.
In this paper a modified biquad antenna is proposed. The modified antenna has features, relatively high gain and small physicals dimensions. The directivity is omni in horizontal direction. This is basic instructions on building a handmade Double BiQuad antenna for WiFi/WLAN 2.4 GHz with 14 dBi Gain. (13.6 dBi if antenna without lips) Note: The dBi scale is logarithmic in base 10, where +3 dBi is a doubling in gain! An increase in gain of +1 dBi is equivalent to an increase of 26% and +2 dBi is equivalent to an increase of 60%. My friend Paul had built a biquad and didn't use anything except the copper clad, the copper pipe in the middle, and the element wire. I'm pretty sure he got them from scrap. Instead of buying some expensive N-connectors, coaxial cables, or wifi adapaters, I just used my WRT54GL router and mounted the antenna directly on the router. THEORY The BiQuad antenna is a simple antenna design that offers many advantages. First is the simplicity of the design. Biquad antenna can be built with materials found in most hardware stores. It offers good directivity due to the metallic reflector used in the design. Biquad antenna is also known as Double Quad Beam or some call it Bowtie Beam antenna (Bowtie Beam is also the name for the subtype of the Biconical antenna). It is widely used because of its properties: Compact and thus can be portable, Easy to make, Cheap, Only one radiating element and reflector, 11dBi gain, SWR as low as 1.05 if made ideally.
Biquad Antenna Design
Design the biquad yagi antenna to operate at 2.4GHz. Use dimensions of 30mm element for the first parasitic element followed by 31mm, 32mm, 33mm, then 34mm driven element and a 36mm reflector at the rear. Define the design parameters of the antenna as provided.
Create a biquad yagi antenna
Space the parasitic elements 17mm from driven element and the reflector 19mm from the driven element. You can increase and decrease the length of the Boom and, you can move the Boom by changing the BoomOffset property. Create a quadCustom antenna using the parameters defined.
Calculate the antenna impedance
Calculate the antenna impedance over the frequency range of 2.3GHz to 2.6GHz. From the figure, observe the antenna resonates around 2.4GHz.
Plot Reflection Coefficient
Plot the reflection coefficient for this antenna over the band and a reference impedance of 50 ohms.
Calculate and plot pattern
Plot the radiation pattern for this antenna at the frequency of best match in the band.
Hacer Antenna Wifi Biquad Antenna
Protect Your Outdoors Antenna
Two types of damage can affect a working antenna.
It can sustain physical impact and the copper wire may bend and break the soldiered point.
If exposed to rain the copper will oxidize which may eventually lead to decreased performance.
The antenna pictured in Fig. 1 was used outdoors for a month in almost no rain. The antenna on the right was used for the same amount of time in the same location but was enclosed. The difference is striking [Fig 2].
Both of these types of damage can be easily mitigated with proper antenna housing. You can use ready made electronics enclosures or even low end solutions like Tupperware containers. If you use Tupperware consider sealing it with silicon to prevent rain from getting in.
The enclosure can not be made of metal nor can have any metal foil decals on it. You must use a material that does not reflect microwaves.
Some materials may cause the signal strength to drop. You can conduct a simple test of microwave attenuation of your desired enclosure. Lock the antenna into a vise grip or a camera tripod and point it towards a distant access point. Connect the antenna to the computer and start Netstumbler. Run Netstumbler for several minutes. Then place the antenna housing in front of the biquad and observe the signal change in Netstumbler. If there is no change or change is rather small your box is acceptable as an antenna enclosure.
You can find equipment enclosures at electronics stores or mail order them. Polycase has a great selection of various enclosures and I used their products for other projects. The actual enclosure I used here is CM5-125 from Pactec. It’s a little tight for Martin’s biquad so I ended up belt sanding the edges of the PCB to make it fit in the box. The change of size does not seem to affect the antenna performance.
Drill small holes in the biquad PCB to match the hole configuration in the enclosure [Fig. 3]. Place the antenna face down into the enclosure [Fig 5]. Drill a center hole into the back of the enclosure so you can run the cable through it. I used a foamy ring from a 50 CD-R spindle as a gasket between the back of the antenna and the back of the enclosure [Fig. 6].
You will notice that the construction of the biquad pictured here differs slightly from Martin’s design but the same steps are valid for an antenna built exactly to his specifications.
I strongly recommend using heat shrink tubing to protect the antenna’s soldiered connections from being ripped apart. The LMR 400 cable is very rigid. Since it can not flex much it can not absorb physical abuse and your point of soldier may fail. Shrink tubing is a special type of material (you can find it at Radio Shack) which will shrink when exposed to heat generated by a heat gun or a gas torch.
Prior to soldering your “N” connector, dress the cable and the copper pipe with heat shrink tubing. Vampires' melody for mac download.
Double Biquad Wifi Antenna
Mount and solder the connector and then shrink the tubing so it wraps tightly over the pipe and the cable. The other piece should cover the connector and the cable right next to it.
Hacer Antenna Wifi Biquad Antenna For Sale
If you don’t have a heat gun you can use the propane torch but have to be carefull not to burn the cable and the shrink wrap. Test it on a small area first.